Home News Revolutionizing Space Research: The ISS National Lab’s Newest Spaceborne Computer-2

Revolutionizing Space Research: The ISS National Lab’s Newest Spaceborne Computer-2

Introduction to Spaceborne Computing Evolution

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) has recently launched an updated version of the HPE Spaceborne Computer-2 to the International Space Station (ISS), marking a significant advancement in space computing. This project, under the sponsorship of the ISS National Lab, aims to transform the landscape of high-performance computing in the cosmos

Key Highlights:

  • HPE’s Spaceborne Computer-2, an advanced supercomputer, has been launched to the ISS.
  • This initiative is aimed at enhancing high-performance computing in space.
  • The system incorporates AI and machine learning capabilities.
  • It’s the third iteration of HPE’s spaceborne computers, featuring over 130 TB of flash-based storage.
  • The project focuses on faster Earth observation data processing and improved astronaut health monitoring.

Enhancing Space Research Capabilities

The Spaceborne Computer-2 is designed to bolster the efficiency and scope of space-based research. With its enhanced AI and machine learning capabilities, the system promises to speed up data processing in space and facilitate more efficient data exchange between Earth and space. This technological advancement is expected to streamline in-space research and strengthen the application of edge computing.

Technical Innovations and Collaborations

This third launch of the HPE Spaceborne Computer features significant upgrades, including the integration of over 130 TB of flash-based storage from KIOXIA, the largest storage capacity sent to the space station on a single mission. These enhancements will allow for the execution of more complex applications and research using larger data sets.

Impact on Space and Earth Research

The onboard supercomputer enables near-real-time data evaluation in low Earth orbit, significantly reducing the amount of data that needs to be downloaded to Earth. This capability is crucial for research that requires immediate analysis, such as Earth observation and astronaut health monitoring. The system also supports a federated learning experiment, which involves the independent training of machine learning models and inference engines, contributing both to space-based research and Earth-based applications.

Future Prospects and Public Engagement

HPE has extended an invitation to the public to submit proposals for experiments to be conducted using the Spaceborne Computer-2 through the ISS National Lab. This initiative opens doors for wider participation and innovation in space research.


The launch of HPE’s Spaceborne Computer-2 to the ISS represents a pivotal step in the journey of high-performance computing in space. By harnessing the power of AI and machine learning, this project is set to enhance our understanding of both space and Earth, accelerating research and innovation in numerous fields.